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最常用的3个与go有关的动词短语

kira86 于2019-07-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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最常用的3个与go有关的动词短语的用法详解。三个短语分别是1. go on 2. go out 3. go back.
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Common Phrasal Verbs with 'Go'

与Go有关的3个动词短语

In the early 1970’s, Motown Records released the Marvin Gaye song “What’s Going On.” The song asks for a peaceful solution to social problems.

上世纪70年代初,摩城唱片为马文·盖伊出了一张专辑,名叫《真爱救赎》。主题曲唱的是希望社会问题能得到和平的解决。

“What’s Going On” is very famous in the United States. It appears in fourth place on “Rolling Stone” magazine’s list of the 500 greatest songs of all time.

《真爱救赎》在美国家喻户晓,曾登榜《滚石》杂志“史上最伟大的500首歌曲”第4名。

Here are a few of the lines from the song:

下面请听其中的几句歌词:

Picket lines and picket signs

这些警戒线和警示牌

Don't punish me with brutality

请不要用暴力来惩罚我

Talk to me, so you can see

与我对话,你就能明白

Oh, what's going on

到底发生什么事了

What's going on

发生什么事了

Today, we will show you how this famous song can teach you about English Grammar. Specifically, it can show you how English speakers use phrasal verbs.

今天,我们将关注这首知名歌曲里的语法知识。尤其是要教大家学会歪果仁使用动词短语的方式。

First, we begin with some definitions.

首先,我们从定义说起。

What are phrasal verbs?

短语动词是什么?

Phrasal verbs have two or more words: verbs and particles. Particles are short words such as on, over and in.

动词短语中包含至少2个单词:动词和小品词。小品词都很短,比如on、over和in。

Phrasal verbs have an idiomatic meaning. In other words, the verb and particle together mean something different than what the individual words suggest.

动词短语有惯用的意思。换言之,动词和小品词组合在一起的意思就与他们单独表达的意思不同了。

So, for example, the phrasal verb “find out” has the verb “find” and the particle “out.” However, the term “find out” means to discover.

那么,举个例子,动词短语find out中包含动词find和小品词out。不过,这个短语整体的意思是“发现”。

English speakers use many phrasal verbs – perhaps thousands. Many of these verbs have two or more meanings.

歪果仁会使用很多动词短语——可能有上千个那么多。很多动词都有至少2个意思。

Luckily, there is hope. You do not need to learn all of them.

所幸,我们还有希望能掌握,因为并不是所有短语都需要掌握。

Some phrasal verbs are fairly common. And, even when phrasal verbs have multiple meanings, English speakers often use one meaning more than the others.

有一些动词短语十分常见。而且即便是动词短语也有很多个意思。歪果仁经常用其中的某个意思。

Today, we will talk about three of the most common phrasal verbs. All of them have the verb go.

今天,我们来聊聊其中3个最常见的动词短语,这3个短语中都包含go这个动词。

Mélodie Garnier and Norbert Schmitt are language experts. They created a list, called the PHaVE list, which they say ranks the most commonly used phrasal verbs. Among the 10 most frequently used phrasal verbs, three have the verb “go.” We will look at each one in turn.

梅乐蒂·加尼尔和诺伯特·施密特是语言专家。他们创建了一个名为PHaVE的列表,他们称该列表列出了最常用的动词短语。在10个使用频率最高的短语动词中,有3个短语包含动词“go”。我们将逐一详解这三个短语。

#1 Go on

动词短语1、go on

The most common, according to Garnier and Schmitt, is the phrasal verb “go on.”

根据加尼尔和施密特的说法,最常见的是动词短语“go on”。

“Go on” can have several meanings, but the most common one is “happen” or “take place.”

这个短语有多个意思,但最常见的意思是“发生”。

At the beginning of this report, you heard part of the Marvin Gaye song “What’s Going On.”

在本文开始,可以听到马文·盖伊的歌里有“What’s Going On”。

Now, you know that Gaye could have sung, “What’s happening” or “what is taking place.”

现在,大家都知道盖伊唱的可能是“到底发生了什么”的意思。

You might hear the words “go on” in the news or when two people are talking to each other. For example, you might hear someone talking about a debate going on in a political party.

大家可能还会在两个人彼此聊天的时候或者在新闻里听到这个短语。比如,你们可能在政党讨论事情的时候听到有人说这个短语。

#2 Go out

动词短语2、go out

Another common phrasal verb is “go out.” It came in number 8 on Garnier and Schmitt’s PHaVE list. When English speakers use “go out,” they often mean to leave a place to go to a social event.

另一个常用的短语事“go out”。该短语在加尼尔和施密特的PHaVE榜单上排名第八。当说英语的人使用“go out”时,他们通常是指离开一个地方去参加社交活动。

For example, American teenagers might make plans to “go out” on Friday night. They might make plans to go out for dinner, or go out to the movies.

比如,美国青少年可能有计划在周五晚上go out。他们可能制定计划出去吃晚餐或者出去看电影。

Teenagers might also talk about what they did over the weekend. So a person might say “I went out with friends on Friday night.” This is the past tense form of “go out.”

青少年可能还会谈到自己周末做了什么。在这种情况下,他们可能会说“我周五晚上跟朋友们出去了”。这个句子里用到了该短语的过去式形式。

#3 Go back

动词短语3、go back

Our final phrasal verb for today is “go back.” The PhaVE list ranks this at number 5 on the list of most commonly used phrasal verbs.

我们今天要讲的最后一个短语是“go back”。PhaVE列表将其列在最常用短语动词列表的第5位。

When English speakers use “go back,” they almost always mean to return to a place, time, activity or a subject they talked about earlier.

外国人用这个短语通常是想说“回到某个空间、时间、活动或者回到他们之前讨论过的话题。”

Here is an example from the American film, “Happy Gilmore.” In the movie, people try to make the villain, Shooter McGavin, lose a golf game by distracting him.

以美国电影《高尔夫球也疯狂》为例。在电影中,人们试图让反派麦克加文分散注意力并输掉比赛。

Here is what he says: “Go back to your shanties!”

于是他说:“滚回你的破棚屋去吧!”

Here, Shooter McGavin is telling others to return to their homes. Shanty is a term for a small, poorly built shelter. McGavin believes that all the people who are at the golf match are poor and should not be there. Now you can understand why he is the villain in the film!

在这里,麦克加文让其他人回家去。棚屋这个词表示狭小简陋的庇护所。麦克加文认为,这场比赛里的所有人都很穷,不配出现在场地上。现在,大家能理解他在电影中为什么是反派了吧!

Closing thoughts

总结

Learning and using phrasal verbs can be difficult, but you can do it.

学习并使用动词短语可能会很难,但你们一定可以做到。

Try studying small numbers of phrasal verbs. Keep note of the different meanings, and try using them in different sentences.

试着学习少量的动词短语。留意动词短语的不同含义,试着在不同句子里使用动词短语。

But after all of your hard work, be sure to go out and have fun!

不过,辛勤学习之后,一定记得出去走走,享受生活哦!

I'm Ashley Thompson.

我艾希莉·汤普森。

And I’m John Russell.

我是约翰·拉塞尔。

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